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Skill gap and requirements IT industry
Monday, 19 November 2018 23:55


Skill gap and requirements in IT industry:

Skill gap and  requirements :Developers and testers.

Level Skill requirements Skill gap
Software engineer
  • Ability to think logically/analytically
  • Basic programming skills(java or .net)
  • Ability to think beyond programming and acclimatize with the concept of software engineering and systems thinking
  • Inability to ‘deep –drive’ into a particular language/technology platform as experience level increases
  • Poor awareness of concepts of software engineering
  • Inadequate soft skills, especially when it comes to interacting with clients
Project leads and module leads
  • Ability to understand the basics of software architecture-database,hardwares etc
  • Ability to understand customer needs
  • Ability to lead and work with a team
  • Inadequate specialization
  • Poor domain exposure
  • Less than adequate ability to undertake project estimation
  • Inadequate communication skills and soft skills
Project managers
  • Deep domain knowledge
  • Adequate technical knowledge
  • Ability to interact with customers
  • Good knowledge of process and quality
  • Inadequate domain/business knowledge
  • Inadequate process knowledge

Skill gap and requirements: Pre sales and Business analysts.

Level Skill requirements Skill gaps
Business analysts
  • Basic understanding of software engineering concepts
  • A keen understanding of business functionality of software/module/project
  • Ability to make pre-sales pitches
  • Ability to write RfI/RfP/RfQ documents and make proposals of good quality
  • Insufficient ability to understand customer requirements
  • Inadequate proposal presentation skills

Skill gap and requirements:Product developers:

Level Skill requirements Skill gap
Product developers and analysts
  • Deep industry knowledge
  • In-depth domain knowledge
  • Ability to maintain product specific system documentation
  • Ability to plan major releases over a long term
  • Ability in incorporate the required degree of flexibility in design
  • Insufficient knowledge of market regulations and other areas specific to the product
  • Inadequate depth in domain knowledge and process flow


Major trends impacting skill requirements for the IT Industry:

The major trends that would impact the human resource and skill requirements in the IT Industry are outlined below:

  • Continuing demand for a skilled workforce:The IT industry would continue to grow at healthy growth rates over the next decade leading to a continuing demand for a skilled workforce. This will be lead by demand for engineering graduates as well as an increasing component of Science and graduates from other streams.
  • Continuing and building upon transformation from IT Services to include IT Consulting: The IT industry and its human resource would need to build consulting capabilities (architecture, application selection, process engineering/re-engineering) to help them tap into higher value projects which would have several downstream revenue spin-offs.
  • Ability to Innovate:IT companies would need to straddle the value-chain right from inventing to innovating to implementing till enhancing.
  • Increasing play in Migration Projects:While a large proportion of projects would be in the maintenance space, the industry is likely to see an increasing share of projects which would involve migration across systems and platforms. This would be on account of consolidations and Mergers and Acquisitions occurring in several industry sectors globally.
  • Green IT and Cloud Computing:This could be one more potential area for building scale and innovation going forward. This spans aspects both internal and external to the industry.Adoption by industry of Green technologies and practices including Green buildings, Green computing infrastructure e.g. energy efficient data centers, power efficient computers, sharing infrastructure. Addressing issues like e-waste management is a potential growth area. This also a vast business opportunity in terms of consulting with clients on Green IT.
  • Increasing share of other business verticals:While the IT industry has been dominated by the BFSI segment, the industry is likely to witness increased share from segments such as Retail, Telecom, Healthcare, Technology, etc.
  • Increasing play of Infrastructure Management Services:This is likely to be a major growth area with companies increasingly outsourcing much of their infrastructure management to Indian IT vendors, including ITIL management, and IT Service Management.
  • Larger share of newer markets:The industry is likely to see increasing share from continental Europe, Japan, and even continents such as Africa and Latin America.
  • Increasing play in the Indian market:With increasing propensity of the Government to outsource more of IT (as evidenced by the e-seva facility for passports), this would be a large pie waiting to be tapped. Indian IT professions need to have a domestic market focus – right from pricing to local language skills in order to cater to this demand. Even software programming could witness a larger portion of local languages.
  • Evolution of newer pricing models:The emergence of newer pricing models such as ‘outcome based pricing’ will demand higher productivity levels from employees.

Profile of people employed: